Aaron Swartz, an American computer programmer as well as an internet activist, has killed himself on January 11, 2013. As a teenage boy, he showed his talents helping develop code which later became to make the ever-changing information freely available (Schwartz, 2013). Later, he founded a company which merged with Reddit, a social news site. Also, as an internet activist, he promoted online campaigns on social justice issues which includes a successful effort of opposing a Hollywood-backed Internet piracy bill (Schwartz, 2013).
But, in other aspect, he seemed to be troublesome in that he tried to release information to public maintaining that the public should be free to access to the certain information which he believed that should be revealed. In 2008, he took on Public Access to Court Electronic Records, the repository for federal judicial documents and three years later, he also broke into computer networks at M.I.T (Schwartz, 2013).
After Swartz died, the public insists that there might be a possibility that M.I.T led Swartz mentally ill. However, M.I.T reported that “MIT did not ‘target’ Aaron Swartz, it did not seek federal prosecution, punishment or jail time, and it did not oppose a plea bargain” (Boyette, 2013). However, others including the family and romantic partner of Swartz disagreed insisting that M.I.T played a significant role in Aaron’s suicide by not being neutral in the legal case against him (Boyette, 2013).
Regarding this issue, United States Attorney declared that Swartz is a “theft” who steals information and be harmful to the victims (Gosztola, 2013). Moreover, the government expanded his charges from four to thirteen felonies, which seems that it led the aggressive prosecution and finally pushed Swartz toward death (Gosztola, 2013).
Boyette, C. (July 31, 2013). MIT report: We did not ‘target’ Aaron Swartz. Cable News Network (CNN). Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2013/07/30/tech/web/mit-report-swartz/
Gosztola, K. (January 14, 2013). How the Government’s Prosecustion of Aaron Swartz Pushed Him Toward Death. Firedoglake.com. Retrieved from http://dissenter.firedoglake.com/2013/01/14/how-the-governments-prosecution-of-aaron-swartz-pushed-him-toward-death/
Schwartz, J. (January 12, 2013). Internet Activist, a Creator of RSS, Is Dead at 26, Apparently a Suicide. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/13/technology/aaron-swartz-internet-activist-dies-at-26.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
STEM subjects are the fields of study in the categories of science, technology, enginieering, and mathematics. Since the STEM jobs such as computer specialists and bio-engineers require higher education and professional knowledge about their fields, the average salary of STEM jobs are higher than the average salary of the U.S. The <Figure 1> by Newgeography (2011) illustrates that STEM-related jobs earn much higher in most states than other jobs.
<Figure 1> The STEM-Related Job Earings vs. All Other.
Wright, J. (2011, September 30th). States with Largest Presence of STEM-Related Jobs. Newgeography. Retrieved from http://www.newgeography.com/content/002463-states-with-largest-presence-stem-related-jobs
MOOCs (Massive Open Online Course) are fee non-degree online courses with open unlimited global enrollment to anyone who desries to learn and regardless of their current educational level. Those kind of online courses seems that they can ever replace college, but the reality does not. The Wall Street Journal introduces some ideas of experts in terms of the MOOC and the experts suggest that “in the technology’s early days, it remains to be seen whether this promise can be realized.” (The Wall Street Journal, 2013). Although there are unlimited possibilities that MOOCs can change higher education, they ultimately miss the one important thing-“interaction between professors and students” (Newsome, 2013). Moreover, in terms of MOOCs, “Intellectual property and financial details are issues” (Peterson, 2013). Therefore, I believe the MOOCs cannot replace college, and there should be more research to make it available.
Newsome, J. (2013, October 13). MOOCs: Online courses might change face of higher education. News & Record. Retrieved from http://www.news-record.com/news/article_48f3fd9c-33b1-11e3-b180-0019bb30f31a.html
The Opportunities-and Risks-in the MOOC Business Model. (2013, October 15). The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702304561004579135363266072976.html
Peterson, D. (2013, July 24). The Pros and Cons of MOOCS. About.com. Posted to http://adulted.about.com/od/Adult-Education-in-the-U.S./a/The-Pros-And-Cons-Of-Moocs.htm
The U.S. president Obama decided to attack Syria where its president Assad ordered his army to use chemical weapons against the citizens and finally made over 1,400 people in death. Although it would be illegal to operate military intervention without any approval from the UN, Obama was intensely determined to send his cruise missiles into Syria (Smith, 2013). There could be pros and cons on this issue. The foreign military intervention might harm an autonomy of a country and the fact that an advanced and big country is trying to attack another nation can make the public uncomfortable. On the other hand, this military intervention is aimed to protect civilians who live in Syria, being forced to feel fear against their government. Also, the act of Syria that used chemical weapons ran counter to the international Chemical Weapons convention, effective Oct. 14. (Gordon, 2013). I believe that it is not desirable to intervene to another country causing to harm its independence and a right. However, if the act of a country violates humanity and moral standards, it is essential for other countries and organizations to go against it.
Gordon, M. R. (2013, September 13). U.S. and Russia Reach Deal to Destroy Syria’s Chemical Arms. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/15/world/middleeast/syria-talks.html?pagewanted=all
Smith, J. A. (2013). US, Syria, Iran: What Just Happened?. Antiwar.com. Retrieved from http://original.antiwar.com/jack-a-smith/2013/10/03/us-syria-iran-what-just-happened/
As Obama keeps ping-pong game with Republicans about the budget, Democrats propels Obama caring. Obama caring forces the public to join a health insurance, which requires the young period to get into it to get a successful outcome. Since it is pushed without any agree from Republicans, and according to New York Times, it leads the fact “that 800,000 federal workers were to be furloughed and more than a million others would be asked to work without pay” (2013). The shutdown is after a 17-year hiatus of former president John F. Kennedy. The concern of Obama is that the economy of the United States becomes worse in that “more families will be hurt. More businesses will be harmed” (The Economic Times, 2013).